JFCL: Physical Restraint and Seclusion of Students

J: Students





The Board is committed to providing a safe, personally secure and respectful environment for students and employees.  All students and employees are expected to contribute to and maintain this environment. Safety is compromised when a student’s behaviour is dangerous to self or others. 

The definitions used in this policy align with the B.C. Ministry of Education Provincial Guidelines for Physical Restraint and Seclusion of Students in School Settings (June, 2015). 

According to the Ministry of Education (June 2015) “physical restraint is a method of restricting another person’s freedom of movement or ability in order to secure and maintain the safety of the person or the safety of others”. 

Prevention is the best method of maintaining a safe, personally secure and respectful environment and positive educational/behavioural interventions are provided to students routinely.   

Board employees routinely use a variety of progressive interventions to respond to a range of disruptive student behaviours and every effort will be made by employees to use preventative actions that preclude the need to use physical restraint.   

In exceptional circumstances when student behaviour presents an imminent danger to self or others, including school employees, and where less restrictive interventions have been ineffective in ending imminent danger of serious physical harm, it may be necessary for employees to use reasonable physical restraint. Restraint is never used as a punishment, discipline, or to force compliance with respect to educational learning outcomes. 

The decision to use reasonable physical restraint is guided by the professional judgement of Board employees. Employees will have the full support of the Board in their efforts to maintain a safe environment to the extent that their actions comply with relevant legislation and District policy and procedures governing the physical restraint of students. 


The Board does not support the use of seclusion, or the involuntary confinement of a student alone in a room, enclosure, or space which the student is physically prevented from leaving. 

According to the Ministry of Education (June 2015) “behaviour strategies, such as time out or removal from a location, used for social reinforcement as part of a behaviour plan, is not considered seclusion. Further, the term seclusion does not apply where a student has personally requested to be in a different/secluded location or space”.

DMT Responsibility: AS

Cross References: 
Adopted Date: 
Monday March 05, 2001
Revision Date: 
Apr 2017