JGD-R: District Student Code of Conduct Regulation

J: Students

The Board of Education (the “Board) is committed to a district code of conduct that upholds safe, inclusive, equitable, welcoming, nurturing and healthy school environments. To this end, the district code of conduct promotes clear behavioural expectations of respectful and responsible citizenship that lead to a culture of safety, caring and respect amongst everyone in our schools and programs and at all school-events and activities.


1.1 School District administration responsibilities include:

  1. supporting schools in developing preventative and responsive interventions to discipline concerns;
  2. ensuring that each Principal, in consultation with staff, parents and, when appropriate, students, establishes a code of conduct for his/her school that is consistent with the District Code of Conduct for students and which reflects provincial standards;
  3. ensuring that schools must not be places where discrimination is practiced or tolerated. To that end, each school code of conduct shall contain the following statement: “Students shall not discriminate against others on the basis of the race, religion, colour, ancestry, place of origin, marital status, family status, age, sex or sexual orientation, gender identity, or physical or mental disability, or for any other reason set out in the Human Rights Code of British Columbia, nor shall a student publish or display anything that would indicate an intention to discriminate against another, or expose them to contempt or ridicule, on the basis of any such grounds.”
  4. providing opportunities for staff to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to develop and maintain learning and working environments that are safe, welcoming, inclusive and respectful of the diverse social and cultural needs of our community;
  5. providing a variety of supports and programs for students who require proactive intervention to address behavioural needs;
  6. supporting adherence to a fair and consistent range of consequences, including suspension and change in educational programming, for student misconduct;
  7. implementing, overseeing, and monitoring the District Violent Threat Risk Assessment Process; and
  8. encouraging involvement in parent education opportunities offered by schools or partners of the school district concerning knowledge and skills parents can acquire to assist them in parenting.

1.2 School responsibilities include:

  1. developing positive, safe and caring school cultures and focus on health promotion, and implementing school-wide efforts to foster respect, inclusion, fairness and equity and to increasing student connectedness to school, as well as to developing students’ social and emotional competencies and skills;
  2. establishing and regularly reviewing, in collaboration with staff, students, and parents/guardians, the School Code of Conduct, in compliance with Ministry of Education regulations and the District Code of Conduct. The School Code of Conduct will be communicated by displaying it in a prominent area in the school, by placing on the school’s website, and by distributing copies to the school community;
  3. informing students and parents/guardians that the School Code of Conduct applies at school, during school-organized or sponsored activities, on school buses, and any behaviour even if outside of school or school hours,(including on-line behaviour), that negatively impacts the safe, caring or orderly environment of the school, and/or student learning;
  4. informing students and parents about the Board’s policy and programs with respect to intoxicating and controlled substances;
  5. taking reasonable steps to prevent retaliation against a student who has made a complaint about a breach of the District or School Code of Conduct;
  6. responding to threats and reports of threats of violence by implementing the Violent Threat Risk Assessment process;
  7. advising other parties of serious breaches of the code of conduct, such as parents, school district officials, police and/or other agencies;
  8. working closely with parents/guardians, district staff, community resources, and agencies , the Ministry of Children and Families, Vancouver Coastal Health and local law enforcement agencies, in recognition of the shared responsibility for maintaining safe and caring schools;
  9. ensuring all staff speak and act toward students with respect and dignity and deal judiciously with them, always mindful of their rights and sensibilities; and
  10. adhering to Board policy guidelines and regulations.

1.3 Students are expected to learn and mature as they move through successive
grades, and as such the expectations progress towards increasing personal responsibility and self-discipline, as well as increasing consequences for inappropriate conduct/unacceptable behavior.

Student responsibilities include: (please note this is not an all-inclusive list)

  1. demonstrating commitment to learning by coming to school prepared to learn and by contributing to a safe, caring, positive, inclusive, and peaceful environment;
  2. neither taking part in nor condoning (provoke, encourage or make a spectacle of) any form of violence, including bullying, harassment, threat-making, intimidation, verbal, sexual, physical or online abuse and harassment, or discrimination in any form including discrimination on the basis of race, colour, ancestry, place of origin, religion, marital status, family status, physical or mental disability, gender, sexual orientation or age.;
  3. seeking to prevent violence and potentially violent situations, and demonstrating their social responsibility by reporting such situations;
  4. not possessing, using or displaying any weapon, replica weapon or toy weapon, on any school property or at any event that is organized or sponsored by a school;
  5. demonstrating, when utilizing the Internet, social media, email or other electronic forms of communication, appropriate digital citizenship;
  6. not attending school or school functions while in possession of or while under the influence of any intoxicating, banned or controlled substances;
  7. showing respect for the property of others by refraining from littering, theft, vandalism, graffiti and other inappropriate behaviours related to property;
  8. not smoking any substance, nor use vaporizers or e-cigarettes on school and other district property;
  9. using respectful language and refrain from using obscenities and derogatory language;
  10. practicing academic honesty and personal integrity by not participating in or encouraging plagiarism, cheating, theft of evaluation instruments, use of unauthorized aids, or false representation of identity; and
  11. attending school in appropriate dress that is not obscene and does not promote alcohol or drugs, display offensive language or images, encourage discrimination or present a health or safety problem or cause a disruption

1.4 Parent/Guardian responsibilities include:

  1. informing themselves about the approach and goals of promoting a safe and caring school community through accessing District and school level resources;
  2. adhering to Board policies and the School Code of Conduct when in attendance at school functions and support all students by reinforcing and modeling appropriate social behaviours;
  3. supporting students through co-operative school and parent/guardian partnerships regarding appropriate academic, social and emotional behaviours;
  4. supporting the school’s and District’s role in responding to behaviour that contravene VSB policies and reinforce students’ understanding of their behaviour and of the consequences arising;
  5. ensuring that their child/children (or child/youth in their care) attend school regularly and on time; and
  6. promptly reporting to the school their child/children’s (or child/youth in their care) absence or late arrival.


Weapons are defined as being anything used, designed to be used, or intended for use in causing injury to any person, or anything used or designed to be used for the purpose of threatening or intimidating any person. Students shall not possess or use any weapon, replica, or toy weapon on any school premises or activity organized or sponsored by a school. Only replica weapons designed for school theatrical production will be permitted for use in productions, drama classes, and rehearsals as authorized and permitted by the school principal or Vice principal. Offences involving weapons shall result in significant consequences.


Persons under the suspicion of intoxicating, banned or controlled substances and persons using, marketing or distributing intoxicating, banned or controlled substances are not allowed on school premises or at any school-sponsored event.

  1. A student who is under the suspicion of, or using, an intoxicating or controlled substance during school hours, field studies or at a school-sponsored event is subject to education interventions and discipline. The level of discipline will take into account the particular circumstances of each case. Support measures may be used as an alternative to discipline or may occur in conjunction with discipline at the discretion of the school principal. Support measures may include meeting with school counselor and school SACY prevention worker, as well as education requirements such as the Board’s alternative to suspension program, STEP.
  2. A student selling or distributing an intoxicating or controlled substance at school or at school-sponsored events will be subject to education and discipline. The level of discipline will depend upon the particular circumstances of the case and may include suspension, change in educational program or if the student is over the age of 16, expulsion from the educational program.
  3. A student selling or distributing intoxicating or controlled substances may be reported to the police for the possibility of criminal charges.


A Principal or designate may conduct or authorize a search of a student, personal property, including backpacks and personal electronic devices (including computers and cell phones), or locker if there are reasonable grounds to believe that school policy has been or is being violated and that evidence of the violation may be found in the location or on the device or person of the student searched. The search should be conducted in a respectful manner and be minimally intrusive.

The following may constitute reasonable grounds for conducting a search:

  1. information received from a third party believed to be credible;
  2. a staff member’s or Principal/Vice Principal’s observation; or
  3. any combination of sources of information which the principal or delegate considers to be credible.

Where the Principal or designate conducts a search of a student and the student may be subject to school-initiated consequences only, the following guidelines will be observed:

  1. the reason and purpose of the search will be clearly stated to the student(s);
  2. the search will be conducted in a private area in a respectful manner; and
  3. the search will be conducted in the presence of a second adult.


The following procedures shall govern interviews and investigations:

  1. Where the police wish to interview a student suspect on school premises, the Principal or Vice Principal will determine the appropriateness of conducting the interview on school premises.
  2. When the student is of elementary school age, the parents/guardians must be notified prior to the police conducting an interview. The police should be requested to delay any interview until the parent/guardian has been contacted and provided an opportunity to attend.
  3. When the student is of secondary school age, where possible, the police should be requested to delay any interview until the parent/guardian has been contacted and provided an opportunity to attend.
  4. Where the police wish to conduct an interview with a student witness/potential student witness or student victim on school premises, the Principal or Vice Principal will determine the appropriateness of conducting the interview on school premises. Except in emergency circumstances, the parents/guardians will be contacted prior to the interview taking place.


The Board believes that: ”appropriate [student] behaviour is essential to the development of responsible and self-disciplined citizens and essential to the operation of effective schools” ; therefore, in accordance with the School Act, Sec. 85(2)(ii) and (d), the Board authorizes the Principal or designate of any school in the district to suspend a student from attendance at school and to remove a suspension that he/she has imposed, provided that the Principal or designate observes the conditions outlined in this policy and regulations.

During a suspension the student shall not attend the school, school property or any school related functions and/or extracurricular activity, unless invited at the explicit request of the Principal or designate. For the purposes of this policy, “school function” includes any assembly, meeting or gathering of students, or student field trips for school purposes under the supervision or direction of the Board, representatives of the Board, or the teaching or supervisory staff in the course of their duties.
Suspensions may be for the following reasons:

  1. because a student is willfully and repeatedly disrespectful to a teacher or to any other employee of the Board carrying out responsibilities approved by the Board.
  2. because the behaviour of the student breaches the District Code of Conduct or policy and/or has a harmful effect on others or the learning environment of the school.
  3. because the student has failed to comply with the School Code of Conduct.

6.1 In School Suspension

In some cases, as determined by the Principal or designate, an in-school suspension may be issued. An in-school suspension refers to the in-school removal from classes and activities. During an in-school suspension the student would continue to attend school and would be provided with an educational program, however would do so under the direction of the Principal or designate. In-school suspensions are informal and are not subject to the same requirements as a formal suspension served out of school.

6.2 Restorative Practice

It is also recognized that in many instances a restorative response may have greater impact on improving behaviour, increase a young person’s empathy, help to rebuild community and a sense of safety, and may prevent further incidents. In addition, the Principal or designate must exercise discretion based on all relevant facts.

6.3 Special Considerations

6.3.1 Elementary Age Students

Formal suspensions of students in primary or intermediate grades in elementary schools should only be done in exceptional cases. In the case of primary or intermediate students whose behavior warrants a removal from the classroom, administrators must work with parents and school board staff to resolve the situation, which may include in-school suspensions or asking for the cooperation and agreement of the parents to keep the child at home for a determined period of time.

6.3.2 Special Needs Students

Special considerations may apply to students with special needs if these students are unable to comply with a code of conduct due to having a disability of an intellectual, physical, sensory, emotional or behavioural nature. When the actions or behaviours of students with special needs may result in suspension, the specific needs of the student such as the age, special education designation and maturity of the student must be taken into account prior to a formal suspension being issued. Further, consultation with the Director of Instruction must occur prior to the formal suspension of any student with special needs.

6.4 Provision of an Educational Program

Students who are suspended from school, must be given an educational program. It is the responsibility of the school Principal or designate, to ensure that appropriate arrangements are made to provide that program.


There are three levels of suspensions. Before a suspension is imposed, the Principal or designate will assess all relevant circumstances including the seriousness of the infraction, the prior disciplinary record of the student, the impact of the conduct on the school community, and any expression of remorse demonstrated by the student. The Principal or designate will determine the level at which a student is suspended, with consultation with the Director of Instruction where applicable. The level at which a student is suspended will depend upon all circumstances. Serious breaches of conduct that threaten the safety and welfare of others will be referred directly to Level Three for resolution by the Student Suspension review Committee.

7.1 Suspension Procedures

Consistent with the provisions of the School Act, School Act regulations, and Board policy, the District process for handling the suspension of students is outlined below.

  1. The Principal or designate has the authority to suspend a student up to and including a referral directly to Level Three for resolution by the Student Suspension Review Committee.
  2. Following a behavior incident or breach of the Code of Conduct, the Principal or designate must contact the parent before sending the student home and arrange an interview at the earliest convenient time. A student will not be sent home during the school day unless the Principal or designate has made contact with the student’s parents/guardians or emergency contact and informed them of the action being taken and the general reasons for those actions.
  3. The Principal or designate may send the student home without issuing a formal suspension for the purposes of supporting and overseeing a proper and thorough investigation of an incident. The Principal or designate will determine either the appropriateness of a suspension and/or the length of the suspension based on the results of the investigation. This time period is considered a short-term absence and should not exceed two days before either the student returns to school or a suspension is issued.
  4. If a suspension is issued, the days already absent from school will be counted towards the length of the formal suspension.
  5. The Principal or designate may determine that an immediate suspension without investigation is appropriate given the nature of an offence.
  6. The Principal or designate shall report the suspension to parents/guardians in writing, including a brief statement of the reason for the suspension and the level at which the student has been suspended. A copy of this letter will be sent to the office of the Associate Superintendent responsible for student suspensions, and the school’s Director of Instruction.
  7. At all levels of the suspension process, parents or students may seek assistance from an adult advocate.
  8. An educational program will be provided to the student during the student’s suspension.
  9. These procedures do not apply to in-school removal from classes and activities, or to informal arrangements made with parents/guardians for a full or partial day home educational program.

7.2 Level 1 Suspension: 5 Days or Fewer

When a Principal or designate suspends a student, he/she must, in addition to complying with the School Act, Sec. 85 and the Board Policy JGD-R1: District Code of Conduct, follow these procedures.

  1. A Level 1 suspension must not be greater than 5 days in total. The day the suspension is issued is “day one” with up to the next 4 days constituting a Level 1 period of formal suspension.
  2. The Principal or designate will contact the student’s parents/guardians or emergency contact, informing them of the actions being taken and the reasons for those actions. If a suspension is issued immediately, the school must contact the parent/guardian prior to releasing the student from school. If contact is not made with the parents/guardians by the end of the school day, a suspended student can be released from the school’s care if in the judgment of the Principal or designate, the student’s safety and well-being are not at increased risk; and the Principal or designate continues to attempt to make contact.
  3. A suspension letter outlining the circumstances of the suspension will be sent to the parents/ guardians by the Principal or designate. A copy of the suspension letter will also be placed in the student file at the school.
  4. The school must continue to maintain student access to an appropriate educational program.
  5. Where appropriate, prior to a student’s return to school a meeting will be held with the parent/guardian, student and appropriate school staff to plan for the student’s successful return to the school.
  6. Where appropriate, in-school suspensions are encouraged relative to appropriate resources.

7.3 Level 2 Suspension: Over 5 Days

Level 2 Suspensions are made in consultation with the appropriate Director of Instruction, who will work closely with the schools to effectively resolve over five day suspensions. The Director of Instruction may also call upon the District Principal of Alternate Programs to assist in effecting a resolution.

A suspension which begins as five days or fewer and then becomes, as a result of ongoing investigation, an over five day suspension is subject to the procedures as outlined for Level 2 suspensions.

Where a Principal, or designate, deems that a matter is sufficiently serious to warrant a suspension greater than 5 days, the Principal must:

  1. Advise the parent/guardian that the student is suspended for an initial period of five (5) days in accordance with the above.
  2. Advise the parent/guardian that the District is considering the imposition of a suspension of greater than five (5) days, and that a final determination will be made on the length of the suspension after the parent/guardian and student (where appropriate) have had the opportunity to meet and review the matter with the Principal and the Director of Instruction.

    The Director of Instruction will chair the meeting and will be responsible for making the final determination, in collaboration with the Principal, and the District Principal for Alternate Programs on whether a suspension of over five days will be issued. If a suspension of over five days is issued the Director of Instruction will determine the length of the suspension and the resolution of the suspension.

  3. If the decision is made to issue a suspension of over five days the Director of Instruction will advise the parents/guardians of the suspension in writing and will inform the parent/guardian of their ability to appeal under VSB By-law 2 - Section 11 Appeal Procedure.
  4. When a student is not attending school as a result of a suspension their educational program shall continue, the Principal, or designate, in consultation with the appropriate teacher(s), must provide an educational program by assigning homework to be completed during the time of suspension.

7.4 Level 3 Suspension: Indeterminate

A Level 3 suspension may be imposed where the conduct of a student is serious, or when the prior disciplinary record of the student indicates that a suspension at Level 1 or Level 2 is inappropriate. A Level 3 suspension is an indeterminate suspension until the Student Suspension Review Committee (SSRC) has determined the educational program to be offered to the student and the conditions to be imposed upon the ending of a student suspension.

Serious breaches of conduct include, but are not limited to:

  1. physical assault
  2. sexual assault
  3. possessing or using weapons or threatening to use weapons
  4. threats to a student or staff member
  5. gang activity
  6. retaliation against a student
  7. failure to respond to Level 1 or Level 2 interventions

The SSRC will be comprised of the Associate Superintendent responsible for student suspension, the Director of Instruction, the District Principal of Alternate Programs (where appropriate), and the school Principal.

The chair of the SSRC will be the Associate Superintendent.

The chair of the SSRC shall convene a meeting of the SSRC within ten school days of being notified that a student has been suspended to Level 3 by the school Principal. The suspended student and his/her parents/guardians will be notified in writing of the meeting. The parents, the student, and the school administration will be given the opportunity to be heard at this meeting.

The SSRC will consider all the information and make its determination as to the educational program to be offered to the student and the conditions to be imposed upon the ending of the suspension.

The Chair of the SSRC will communicate that determination in writing to the parents/guardians of the suspended student.

A district initiated transfer (administrative transfer) may result from a Level 3 suspension and be imposed by the SSRC. If the SSRC determines that a district initiated transfer is appropriate, the SSRC will determine the location of the receiving school in consultation with other school and/or district resource staff, and the School Liaison Officer where appropriate, and the Principal will coordinate the transfer process. The decision to impose a suspension at Level 3, and the determination of the SSRC may be appealed under VSB By-law 2 – Section 11 Appeal Procedure.

7.5 Change of Educational Program: Students 16 And Over

If a student 16 years of age or older fails to apply himself/herself to his/her studies or fails to comply with the District and/or School Code of Conduct or the rules or policies of the Board, the Principal or designate may counsel the student about how to best to pursue their educational program at either an alternate program, Adult Education Centre or Vancouver Learning Network.

Prior to facilitating a change in program the Principal must ensure that a meeting has occurred with the student and the parent/guardian.

It is the responsibility of the Principal or designate to facilitate change of educational program transitions and to ensure the appropriate arrangements for the student to attend are in place.


Parents/Guardians and students are encouraged to use the Board’s informal dispute resolution processes at the school or district level. The Board’s dispute resolution process is available at http://www.vsb.bc.ca/sites/default/files/conflict-resolution.pdf.


Section 11 of the School Act gives parents the right to appeal certain decisions made by Board employees. The right of appeal applies to decisions which significantly affect the health, education, or welfare of a student. While the determination of whether a decision or failure to make a decision ‘significantly’ affects a student’s education, health or safety is made on a case-by-case basis, the following decisions are always appealable under the formal appeal process:

  • Disciplinary suspension of more than five (5) consecutive instructional days;
  • The transfer of a student from one school to another for disciplinary reasons;
  • The exclusion of a student from school for a health condition;
  • Significant decisions regarding placement in an educational program (classroom or teacher preference issues would be included in this Level only in exceptional circumstances);
  • Grade promotion or graduation; and
  • Refusal to offer an education program to a non-graduated student sixteen (16) years of age or older

The procedures for filing a Section 11 Appeal are outlined in Board bylaw 2(i) and available athttp://www.vsb.bc.ca/sites/default/files/appeal-guide.pdf.

DMT Responsibility: AS-FS

Cross References: 
JGD, ACB, AC/AC-R, AI/AI-R, VBE Bylaw No.2
Adopted Date: 
Tuesday June 07, 2016