## Mathematics

MATHEMATICS

The BC Ministry of Education launched a new provincial Mathematics curriculum for Math 8 & 9 (in 2016), Math 10 (2017), and Pre-calculus 11 & 12 (2020). As different post-secondary schools have small differences in their entrance requirements, students who are undecided as to what post-secondary path they plan to pursue are advised to follow the pre-calculus stream of math. Students and parents are encouraged to research the admission requirements for post-secondary programs of study as they vary by institution and by year.

MATHEMATICS 8
MMA--08
Prerequisite Required: Mathematics 7
Along with the general core competencies, this course centers on a more formal approach to the curricular competencies whose focus is on ratios, rates, and percent, computational fluency including working with fractions, linear relationships, surface area and volume, and data analysis. Other content such as radicals, algebra, and financial literacy are also included. We will continue to develop numeracy, communication, and problem-solving skills that will connect the mathematics discussed in the classroom to the real world. Students will further develop their mental math, reasoning, estimation, and visualization skills. Calculators will NOT be used.

MATHEMATICS 9
MMA--09
Prerequisite Required: Mathematics 8
Along with the general core competencies, this course centers on a more formal approach to beginning algebra, including simplification of expressions, study of exponents and radicals, factoring, solution of equations and inequalities and linear relations, and financial literacy. Trigonometry will also be introduced. Throughout the year, we will be engaging in problem solving and applying the skills learned to things relevant to the local community. A scientific calculator is required for the trigonometry component of the course.

FOUNDATION OF MATHEMATICS/PRE-CALCULUS 10
MFMP-10
Prerequisite Required: Mathematics 9
Along with the general core competencies, this course broadens algebra skills, goes further into depth on powers, prime factorization, and polynomials (including multiplying and factoring), linear relations, and trigonometry. We will also be studying relations and functions (connecting data, graphs, and situations), arithmetic sequences, systems of equations, and financial literacy. Within the curricular competencies, we will be focused on using reasoning, analysis, estimation, fluent, flexible, and strategic thinking, and the use of technology for graphing.

PRE-CALCULUS 11
MPREC11
Prerequisite Required: Foundation of Mathematics/Pre-Calculus 10
This course is designed to provide students with the mathematical understanding and critical-thinking skills identified for entry into Math, Science, Engineering or Commerce at the post-secondary level. Topics covered include the real number system, powers with rational exponents, radical operations and equations, polynomial factoring, rational expressions and equations, quadratic functions and equations, linear and quadratic inequalities, trigonometry including non-right angle triangles and angles in standard position, and financial literacy. Students who are planning on post-secondary education in the above areas must also take Pre-Calculus 12.

PRE-CALCULUS 11 Support (Double Block)
XSPBK1ACAL
Prerequisite Required: Foundation of Mathematics/Pre-Calculus 10
This course covers the identical curriculum as Pre-calculus 11 (see description above). This course is offered as a double block (students have math class daily) as this allows students to be able to go at a pace that allows them to better learn the material. Priority will be given to students who received a grade of C or lower in Mathematics 10 as they will be automatically enrolled in this class.

PRE-CALCULUS 12
MPREC12
Prerequisite Required: Pre-Calculus 11
Pre-Calculus provides the background skills needed to continue with the study of Calculus. The study of trigonometry, logarithmic functions, transformations, polynomial functions and equations, conics, rational functions, and geometric sequences and series is included. Please note that this course is required for study in any of the science, mathematics, or business disciplines at university. Students should check with their counselor to ensure the correct Mathematics course has been selected in order to continue in their field of study at post- secondary institutions.

CALCULUS 12
MCALC 12
Prerequisite Required: Pre-Calculus 12 (or to be taken concurrently)
Students who have completed Pre-Calculus 12 may take this course. Those students who wish to take Calculus 12 concurrently with Pre-Calculus 12 should have the permission of the teacher and be a very strong Mathematics student in Math 11. The study of Calculus requires a sound understanding of algebra and analytic and trigonometric geometry. Calculus 12 is an intro course covering the study of elementary functions. Topics in both Differential and Integral Calculus are included in the curriculum. Many students who take this course write the AP Calculus AB exam in May. Students may also opt to write the UBC-SFU-UVIC-UNBC Challenge Exam in June.

AP CALCULUS 12 AB
ACAL-12